5.1 Standard BB2 form

Monaghan 1987, type 3J (110/120-225-300+)

Gillam 1970, types 137-9 (180-250), 143-4 (180/200-280)

 

A study of BB2 cooking-pots with a complete profile shows that there is no obvious typological development over time (but it should be noted that there are very few cooking-pots with a complete profile from the Antonine Wall). It is possible that multiple line lattice decoration is typically later in date, although an example from London shows it was occasionally used during the Antonine period (Davies et al 1994, fig. 97, no. 631).

 

Type example:

Wallsend, 2177 (deliberate deposition in a pit, third century).

 

Other examples:

A. Wallsend, H07:09 (c.225/35 to late third/early fourth century).

B. Wallsend, H07:03, H07:09 (c.225/35 to late third/early fourth century).

C. Buried pot. Newcastle, context 22 (third century). Published: Bidwell and Croom 2002, fig. 15.8, no.76.

D. Wallsend, H07:03 (probably c.225/35 to late third/early fourth century).

E. Buried pot. Wallsend, D11:23 (late second/early third century to c.225/35)

F. Wallsend, 2177 (deliberate deposition in pit, third century).

G. Wallsend, N05:02 (post Roman).

H. Wallsend, H07:03 (probably c.225/35 to late third/early fourth century). Pale grey core, brown margins and grey surfaces. Patchy grey, light grey and brown exterior surface. Burnishing on shoulder very pale grey, but brown on base.

 

Other examples:

All from South Shields.

1. Used as cremation urn in cemetery (Morton Walk excavations, MW93, context 38). Published: Bidwell 1994, fig. 4, no. 3. Mid-grey fabric, slightly oxidised surface. Slip that extends below the shoulders, later covered by lattice decoration.

2. Used as cremation urn in cemetery (Morton Walk excavations, context 206). Oxidised fabric, with a thin, dark core and thin, patchy mid-grey surfaces. Slip on rim.

3. 10256 (period 5 construction: c.205/9). Published: Bidwell and Speak 1994, fig. 8.9, no. 29. Coarse brown fabric with pale grey interior surface and patchy mid/light grey exterior surface with a speckled appearance. Soft black inclusions with some hard white inclusions.

4. SS79, context 99 (fourth century). Mid-grey fabric, pale grey core. Dark grey where burnished.

5. 20534 (period 6A construction?: c.213). Dark grey core with brown margins. Dark grey surfaces, buff where burnished on the shoulder.

6. Deposit within wall. 6158 (period 6A construction: c.213). Mid/dark grey fabric with brown margin or core, rare black shiny inclusions and very rounded white inclusions. Patchy exterior colouring. Sooted.

7. Buried pot. SS77, context 7 (period 6 construction: c.213). Brown core with patchy dark grey exterior.

8. 26178 (period 6A occupation: c.213 - c.225). Mid grey core with dark grey, patchily oxidised surfaces. Sooted.

9. 4885 (period 6A occupation: c.213 - c.225). Coarse fabric, brown towards the interior and dark grey towards the exterior. Dark grey surfaces with traces of burnishing on shoulder.

10. Buried pot, 20874 (period 6A occupation c.213 - c.225). Grey fabric, white margins and dark grey core. Slip on rim and shoulders. Patchy exterior colouring and sooting.

11. Buried pot, 3984 (period 5B/6A occupation c.210 - c.225). Grey fabric, with pink core. Rare shiny black inclusions. Some sooting.

12. Buried pot, 21374 (period 5B/6A occupation c.210 - c.225). Grey fabric, slightly brown core. Occasional shiny black inclusions.

13. Buried pot?, 22326 (period 6B construction: c.225). Wide brown core at shoulder, elsewhere dark grey fabric towards the exterior and brown towards the interior. Dark grey surface, lightly oxidised in patches.

14. Buried pot, 3571 (period 6B occupation: c.225 - late third/early fourth century). Fine fabric, with occasional rare black shiny inclusions. Patchy fine oxidised exterior surface. Slip on rim and shoulder. Sooted.

15. 20087 (period 6B occupation: c.225 - late third/early fourth century). Pale grey core with dark grey margins. Speckled light grey interior surface and dark grey exterior.

16. 21731 (period 6B occupation: c.225 - late third/early fourth century). Wide orange core with dark grey surfaces, lightly oxidised. There is a slip under the burnishing. Sooted.

17. Buried pot. 2456 (period 6B occupation: c.225 - late third/early fourth century). Mid-grey fabric with brown margins and a darker grey core. Slip on rim and shoulders.

18. Used as cremation urn in cemetery (Victorian excavations). Published: Dore and Gillam 1979, fig. 45, no. 339. Mid-grey fabric with brown core, and rare black shiny inclusions. Thin oxidised surface finish on exterior.

19. Buried pot. 23564 (period 6B: c.225 - late third/early fourth century). Mid-grey fabric, pale grey core. Thin oxidised finish in places on the exterior.

20. SS67, context FI (found with mid-third-century or later pottery). Published: Dore and Gillam 9179, fig. 38, no. 107. Mid-grey core with light grey margins and mid-grey surfaces. The slip on the shoulder extends under the lattice decoration, with a narrower burnished zone on the shoulder.

21. 21711 (period 7A/B occupation: late third/early fourth - mid fourth). Mid-grey core, brown margins and dark grey surfaces which is oxidised in patches, especially on the burnished shoulder.

22. Period 8 or 9 (mid fourth - early post-Roman). Published: Bidwell and Speak 1994, fig. 8.13, no. 149.

 

Images of other examples

 

Images of examples from South Shields 1

Images of examples from South Shields 2