Chapel House Farm, Dalton-on-Tees

 

A villa site in use probably from the second to the late fourth century.


Limited excavations on the site revealed the remains of three buildings (excavated only as far as the latest surviving occupation layers), a well, and a series of ditches. A total of 73 sherds of Local Traditional ware were recovered from the buildings and well.


Occupation in the aisled building (Building B), apparently modified during its lifetime, lasted until at least the late third century. A nearby ditch, which may have contained demolition material from the building, produced very little fourth-century pottery, but the presence of a Huntcliff-type rim dating to 370+ indicates at least some activity in the area. The building produced 94 sherds of pottery, 36% of which was Local Traditional ware. The ware was clearly still in use during the late third century (or later) as a large portion of a single, wide-mouthed vessel was found in the latest occupation layer.


The winged corridor building (Building A) may have been quite short-lived. It produced 44 sherds of pottery in total, consisting of 20% second- and third-century Roman pottery and 80% Local Traditional ware. As with the aisled building, the Local Traditional ware was found in the latest occupation layer, in this case near small burnt patches interpreted as hearths.


The well, situated near the third building, had been deliberately and carefully back-filled probably sometime in the third century. It produced 46 sherds, only 7% of which were Local Traditional ware.

 

Illustrated pottery

 

Dalton 1


1, 2 and 3 - From Building A.
4 - From the well.

Dalton 2

 

5 - From Building B.