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My visual memories

A photo of Nonek

Nonek was born in Warsaw, Poland. Nonek was studying in Toulouse, France when World War Two broke out. He escaped France and fled to England where he lived in London before moving to Newcastle. He has lived here ever since.

Nonke was interviewed by Anita Wan on 28 June 2006. The interview took place in the participant's home and lasted for 1 hour 44 minutes.

BSL introduction.

Listen to my memories

Studying at University

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I saw people starved who didn't have enough to, in the winter I saw it. 1926 was a very cold winter it was twenty five, thirty degrees minus zero, little boys selling newspapers, jumping in tram cars bare footed. It was cold. You didn't have unemployment money you didn't have anything like it. It was a very poor country in Poland. My father made a big sacrifice he deprived himself of the income, he sent each one of us to school and then to universities. He was conscious of the fact that his formal education finished at fifteen and a half years. You must remember the value of the Polish money was very low so I was getting, to put you in the picture, as a student when I studied in Palestine or France I was getting the equivalent of six pound a month, with which I paid for accommodation, university fees and my food. That was one pound ten shillings a week but I managed and every Saturday I went to a dance.

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